Erscheinungsdatum: 16.06.2014, Medium: Buch, Einband: Gebunden, Titel: Commercialization of Smallholder Horticultural Farming in Kenya, Titelzusatz: Poverty, Gender, and Institutional Arrangements, Autor: Muriithi, Beatrice Wambui, Verlag: Lang, Peter GmbH // Peter Lang GmbH, Internationaler Verlag der Wissenschaften, Sprache: Englisch, Schlagworte: Agrarwirtschaft // Entscheidungstheorie // Entwicklung // gesellschaftlich // wirtschaftlich // technisch // Dritte Welt // Entwicklungsland // F u. E // Forschung und Entwicklung // Frau // Gesellschaft // Politik // Recht // Gender Studies // Geschlechterforschung // Business // Management // Marktforschung // Nationalökonomie // Volkswirtschaft // Volkswirtschaftslehre // Volkswirt // Wirtschaftsgeschichte // Wirtschaftstheorie // Wirtschaftstheorie und // philosophie // Verhaltensökonomie // Entwicklungsökonomie und Schwellenländer // Wirtschaftssysteme und // strukturen // Management: Forschung und Entwicklung // F&E // Agrarwirtschaft und primärer Sektor // Management: Entscheidungstheorie, Rubrik: Volkswirtschaft, Seiten: 278, Abbildungen: illustrations, Reihe: Development Economics and Policy (Nr. 72), Gewicht: 475 gr, Verkäufer: averdo
Business Development Model for Sharia Smallholder Financing Banks ab 39.9 EURO
In many developing countries, the contribution of small scale farmers to the high value cut flower export business has been minimal and on the decline. Besides lack of capital, high costs of technology, strict market access regulations and weak management skills, the exclusion of small scale farmers also results from their weak capabilities to innovate and respond to changes in the technological, institutional and governance contexts. This book examines the role of partnerships between farmers and exporters in building farmers innovation capabilities. The book applies the lenses of innovation systems and value chain analysis to examine how institutions, power dynamics and governance patterns influence the opportunities for interactions, learning and innovation within these partnerships. The findings will be useful to policymakers, development practitioners, researchers, graduate students as well as development organizations seeking to enhance the participation of smallholder farmers into agricultural export markets.
Horticulture provides many developing countries with opportunities for export diversification, poverty alleviation and rural development. However, stringent public and private-sector food-safety standards, for example EurepGap (or GlobalGap), pose a challenge especially to small export farmers. Compliance with these standards entails costly investments that may be a burden to smallholder farmers, failure to which might lead to their exclusion in the global market. This book assesses awareness of the EurepGap standards among smallholder farmers and analyzes the critical factors influencing their compliance. It also identifies the costs of complying with these standards and their implications on profitability of smallholder French bean farming business using a case study of Kirinyaga District in Kenya. The study makes several policy recommendations that could be implemented to enhance and upscale compliance with the standards in the study area. Particularly it highlights the need for synergies between the public and private sector in ensuring compliance with the standards among the smallholder horticultural farmers who face the risk of elimination in the international market.
The farming structure in transition countries has shifted from dominance of large corporate farms to family smallholdings. Smallholders everywhere experience difficulties with access to market services, including sale of products, purchase of inputs, and acquisition of machinery, they suffer from credit shortages and have limited access to information and advisory services. The barriers to market access prevent smallholders from fully exploiting their inherent productivity advantages. Best-practice world experience highlights farmers' service cooperatives, created by grassroots users, as the most effective way of improving the market access of small farmers. Service cooperatives also help smallholders overcome market failures, when private business entrepreneurs are unwilling to provide services in areas that they judge unprofitable or unfairly exploit users through monopolistic practices. These difficulties and market failures are prominent in transition countries and scholars accordingly expected rapid development of agricultural service cooperatives in response to smallholder needs. The present volume explores the gaps between expectations and reality.
In recent years development practitioners working in the area of rural agriculture recognise that profit making enterprise is a concept that must be promoted and appreciated by the people they target with their non profit making interventions for sustainability. This conundrum of undertaking non profit interventions to achieve pro profit outcomes has led to many development aid agencies to develop and adopt models that engage their target groups in profit making initiatives and seeking out private sector partners. Self Help Africa has in the last decade been promoting a farming as a business model based on the principle that smallholder farming families not only increase their productivity but also make it profitable. This means growing surplus crop for markets and selling above the cost of production. With a strong focus on women, Self Help Africa's work seeks to provide gender sensitive approaches that specifically addresses women-specific challenges so that they are able to equally participate and establish successful agri-based enterprises. This research examined the extent to which the Self Help Africa model was engendered in promoting farming as a business for rural women.
Farming is a risky business because it is affected by uncertain factors such as weather, diseases and market conditions. The issue of crop diversification and producers' decision behavior under risk and uncertainty has received much attention in academic literature. However, literature is lacking in this area. The book is believed to be an important reference material for researchers in areas of Production Economics and Farm Management. The book can also be useful to research institutions and extension workers in understanding the attitudes of farmers towards agricultural risk to generate and disseminate appropriate agricultural technologies that would contribute in stabilizing income risk. Over and above, it could be a good source of material for expanding research works in areas of smallholders' agriculture diversification and commercialization. The book can contribute in understanding farmers' production and diversification decision-making behavior and strategies used under risky situations, which in turn, is useful for implementing agricultural development programs tailored to the needs of smallholder farmers.
The condition of the development of Sharia Smallhoder Financing Banks is very contrary to the number of Muslim population in Indonesia. As a country with the largest Muslim population, Indonesia should have a higher market share of sharia banking than other countries. The challenge of developing the Sharia Smallhoder Financing Banks industry to face these obstacles is through the Sharia Smallhoder Financing Banks development model that can be developed in the future. The Sharia Smallhoder Financing Banks business development model is expected to provide an overview of the operational business processes of Sharia Smallhoder Financing Banks that are pro-sector real and crisis resistant for the benefit of the community.
Cooperatives have significant impact on economic development because they have the incentives such as improving the viability of business activities of their members, benefits of economies of scale and enhancing incomes. Smallholder cooperatives can be instrumental in creating self-employment opportunities, salaried jobs, promoting human welfare and address challenges faced by the smallholder producers. The study reviewed the factors that led to the collapse of cooperatives in order for resuscitated cooperatives to be effective and efficient for survival. The results showed that the performance of the cooperatives was influenced by complexity of market environment and poor policy structures. The New Institutional Economics Approach provided a useful framework as basis of the investigation to analyze performance of smallholder cooperatives. Variables such as institutional make up, governance structure, performance and leadership skills have a significant positive impact on the likelihood of success of the cooperatives. Sustainable strategies like policy interventions are needed such as provision of regulatory framework that would allow competitive market environments.