Erscheinungsdatum: 10.03.2006, Medium: Taschenbuch, Einband: Kartoniert / Broschiert, Titel: Experiments in Achieving Water and Food Self-Sufficiency in the Middle East, Titelzusatz: The Consequences of Contrasting Endowments, Ideologies, and Investment Policies in Saudi Arabia and Syria, Autor: Elhadj, Elie, Verlag: Dissertation.Com., Sprache: Englisch, Schlagworte: BUSINESS & ECONOMICS // Development // General, Rubrik: Wirtschaft // Management, Seiten: 212, Informationen: Paperback, Gewicht: 421 gr, Verkäufer: averdo
This study is substantial because it highlighted role and significance of the FDI in the Arab World, and for the first time to analyze the empirical data of the 22 Arab countries in particular the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) Economy. In addition, the business environment in the Arab World was evaluated through six dimensions of the Worldwide Governance Indicators, and the eleventh topics Doing Business reports. The business environment, economic performance, and the new policy and regulation that have been implemented in Arab Countries increased the attractiveness level of the FDI. Arab world countries have witnessed major increase in the level of FDI inflows over the past decade. FDI inflows to Arab countries were fluctuated from 2006 till 2010. The GCC countries are the highest receiver of FDI in the Arab World during the last five years, it increased from 54% to 60%. This showed the economic stability and development in the GCC region. The FDI and stocks is concentrated in few countries for instance about 80% of the FDI in 2010 is concentrated in six countries: Saudi Arabia 42%, Egypt 10%, Qatar 8%, Lebanon 7%, United Arab Emirates 6% and Libya 6%.
This work presents the outcome of a study carried out to assess the development of electronic commerce in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. The main aim of this work is to study the status of e-commerce in the KSA and assess the issues affecting its growth from both consumers and Small Medium-sized Enterprises (SMEs) point views. Consequently, to determine why although the number of Internet subscribers have risen substantially in the last few years, e-commerce has still not reached its full potential. The outcome from analysing the survey results have been used to identify the challenges and barriers facing the development and progress of e-commerce in the KSA. Both consumers and businesses showed that the vast majority of the KSA citizens and business establishments are keen to use online shopping. The conclusions and recommendations drawn from this study can be useful to overcome the obstacles facing the development of e-commerce and improve future e-commerce development in the KSA.
The construction of an evaluation mechanism for entrepreneurial e-Commerce projects can be foreseen as vital to help tolerate any obstacles or source of failure that might arise in the path of the new business. Establishing a framework that encapsulates all crucial factors is a mandatory requirement in this evaluation process in order to set standers by which a firm could measure its success ability and predict and reveal all bottlenecks by carrying a full proactive inspection rather than taken by surprise. This research investigates the factors that are acting as stimulators to expand entrepreneurial e-Commerce activity amongst Saudis in the Arabian market. Based on a quantitative survey by way of a structured questionnaire, this study identifies (through factor analysis) the important factors that are impacting on rapid growth/development among entrepreneurial e-Commerce business in Saudi Arabia. The study also uses descriptive statistics to establish the level of the gap between the importance of these factors, as perceived by consumers.
This book presents the nature, challenges and successful cases of female entrepreneurship in Iran. The first part of the book provides a comprehensive insight into Iran's entrepreneurship ecosystem and its accessibility for women by exploring and analyzing data from relevant national and international sources, in particular from the Statistical Center of Iran, Global Entrepreneurship Monitor, World Bank (Doing Business, Gender Equality and Development), World Economic Forum (Global Gender Gap Report, Global Competitiveness Report), and the United Nations Development Plan. Trends in entrepreneurial perceptions and intentions, as well as developments in entrepreneurial activity in Iran from 2008 to 2013, are also studied for both genders. In order to establish a benchmark for the relative position of Iranian women in the region, the main related indices are also compared to those in Egypt, Pakistan, Saudi Arabia and Turkey. In turn, the second part of the book highlights selected role models of growth-oriented female Iranian entrepreneurs who have successfully run a variety of traditionally male-dominated businesses in Iran and internationally, despite the hostile business environment and various gender stereotypes.
The term ' wasta stems from the Arabic root for 'middle' or 'medium ' and describes the phenomenon of using 'connections' to find job, government services or other favors to circumvent bureaucracy or bypass the system as a whole. The effects of ' wasta' may be both positive or negative, and is not a phenomenon that is particular to the Arab or Muslim world, but also to many other cultures and regions of the world, with similar concepts popularly known as ubuntu, guanxi, harambee, naoberschop, or "old boy network" used in African, Chinese and European societies.By its very nature ' wasta' is an area of grey or even black information, and, like corruption to which it is most often associated, is hard to assess although country corruption perception indexes attempt to provide a quantifiable basis. In the final analysis such ratings are based on perceptions of corruption, and this perception may vary strongly depending on different societal structures and cultural modes, whether these are extended family systems, tribal, clans or more atomized societies where relationships are essentially transactional and rule based. In a western perspective where 'wasta' may be considered as a form of corruption, in other societies it may be perceived as something 'natural' and not criminal, and using one's 'wasta' in tribal societies to help clan members is seen as a duty. The difference stems from the 'innocent ' use of 'wasta' to make introductions, as opposed to its abuse in placing unqualified persons in positions .The volume brings together academics and professional experts to examine a range of multi-faceted social, economic and political issues raised by the use and abuse of social networking, covering various topics like: 'wasta' interpersonal connections in family and business ties, The relationship between inequality-adjusted human development and corruption perception indexes in the Gulf regio n, 'wasta' and business networking, assessing the economic cost of 'wasta', 'wasta' and its impact on quality oriented education reform and the perceptions of young people, The use of 'wasta' to overcome socio-cultural barriers for women and men The volume also offers insights into social relations and ethics, and how the use of ' wasta' contradicts with common held religious principles, along with some country studies on Islamic principles and the use of 'wasta' .Mohamed Ramad y is a Visiting Associate Professor, King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals, Saudi Arabia.
This research looks into some of the personal characteristics of 32 Saudi businesswomen based in Riyadh and Kharj. The research also investigates the challenges they faced when they started up their business, the social and cultural challenges and the problems of access to capital they had to cope with. All in all, the study has revealed a nucleus of Saudi businesswomen who are self-confident and prepared to take business risks much the same as their male counterparts. It is beyond doubt that these businesswomen still face gender-specific challenges posed by the government's regulations on business start-ups. Symbolic government restrictions on travel abroad are still there in line with Sharia principles. But government ban on driving is now a thing of the past and more Saudi women are taking to the streets. In view of the promotion policies of the government, women pressure groups and activists, the number and the scope of economic activities of businesswomen is now growing rapidly. Family support and society's positive attitudes to women going into business have been a great asset in all this. With government emphasis on future role of women in economic and social development of the country in line with Vision 2030, Saudi businesswomen will certainly face the few remaining challenges in future.